Drug dependence is a chronic disease sickness portrayed by neurotic or irrepressible drug craving plus use in spite of destructive results and alterations in the brain, which can be long term. Some of those who use drugs develop some dangerous behaviours due to these alterations in the functioning of their brain. Drug dependency is a degenerative illness. Relapse is a situation where the person goes back to drug use after making efforts to overcome addiction.
The road to substance dependency starts with voluntarily using substances. After some time, a man's capacity to pick not to do as such becomes compromised. The desire to search for and make use of drugs will now rely on a very huge urge. This is mainly because of the effects of long-term substance exposure on the functioning of the brain. Dependency affects regions of the brain that are involved in learning and memory; motivation and reward; and command over behaviour.
Addiction is a sickness that influences both the mind and conduct.
Is Drug Addiction Treatable?
Yes, yet it's not simple. Since addiction is a chronic illness, curing it is not as easy as simply stopping the drugs for a few days. For most patients, long term often repeated care is needed to help them stop using and continue on to get their lives back.
Dependency treatment must assist the individual to achieve the following:
stop using the substances
Resuming their responsibilities at home, workplace and community
Essentials Of Successful Treatment
In light of logical research since the mid-1970s, the accompanying key standards ought to frame the premise of any compelling treatment program:
Dependency is an intricate, but treatable illness which affects the functioning of the brain and behaviour.
There is no one treatment that will work for everyone.
Treatment needs to be readily available.
The entire needs of the patient, not only drug use issues, should be delivered by a good treatment plan.
Adhering to treatment sufficiently long is critical.
The prevalently applied types of treatment include counselling and some other therapies that centre on behaviours.
Together with psychological treatment, pharmaceutical drugs are also administered.
As the patient's needs change, the treatment plan must be adapted to fit the requirements.
Treatment ought to address other conceivable mental problems.
The cleansing administered by medical personnel is the beginning step of the journey.
Involuntary treatment for addiction can also be effective.
Drug usage amid treatment must be observed constantly.
People who use drugs easily contact communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and others and as such, they should be tested so that their treatment can be taken into account during rehabilitation.
How Is Substance Dependency Treated?
There are several steps to effective treatment:
Detoxification (the way a body is cleaned of toxins and drug residue)
medication (for tobacco, opioid, or alcohol addiction)
assessment and treatment for any co-occurring mental health concerns like anxiety and depression
Relapse prevention through long-term check-ups
A variety of care with a customised treatment programme and follow-up options can be key to being successful.
During the rehabilitation, both physical and psychological issues are treated. Post-rehab support could involve the peer or family group therapy.
How Are Medications Used In Drug Addiction Treatment?
Managing withdrawal symptoms, preventing relapse, and treating coexisting conditions are accomplished through medication use.
Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Detoxing from the drug is not the only necessary treatment, merely the first step in the process. Patients who only go through detoxification and don't have any additional treatment typically relapse back into drug use. According to one study of treatment centres, medications were utilised in close to 80 per cent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Preventing Relapse Patients can utilize medicines to help rebuild normal brain functioning and reduce desires. Alcohol addiction, tobacco (nicotine) and opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers) have medications for their treatments. Researchers are creating different solutions to manage stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana) dependence Users of multi drugs to fully recover must be treated for each one.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Behavioural therapies assist a patient to:
Change their behaviour toward and the way the think about their drug use
develop life skills that are healthy
continue receiving medication and other types of treatment
The settings upon which patents can access their treatments and the approaches used varies.
Outpatient treatment is an option where a wide range of programs are available for patients who continue to visit behavioural health professionals regularly. Personal or group drug counselling or both of them are included in majority of the programs.
Other forms of behavioural therapy available in these program include:
cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
multidimensional family therapy-devised for teenagers with substance dependency issues as well as their families-which looks at a series of influences on their substance abuse patterns and is created to better family functioning in general
motivational interviewing, which gets most of the addicts disposed to work on their behaviour and commence treatment
Motivational impetuses (possibility management), which utilizes uplifting feedback to support restraint from medications
Initially, a patient will receive many hours of treatment and will have to frequently attend clinical sessions if they opted for the outpatient therapies. After the completion of the in-depth treatment, a patient moves to frequent outpatient treatment, which does not meet as regularly and for fewer hours every week to assist with maintaining his/her recovery.
For people with problems of high severity (plus co-occurring disorders), residential or inpatient programs will have better effects. A licensed inpatient treatment centre provides round-the-clock, structured and comprehensive care, that includes safe accommodation as well as medical attention. An inpatient treatment facility can make use of different therapeutic approaches and they are usually aimed at assisting patients to lead a substance-free, crime-free life after completing the treatment.
Some examples of inpatient treatment environments are:
Rigidly structured programs where patients remain inpatient for 6 to 12 months are called therapeutic communities. The whole community, everyone from the staff to the patients in recovery, act as agents of change, helping to change every patient's attitude, understanding, and behaviour toward drug use.
Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
Recovery housing that offers supervised, short-term accommodation for a patient, frequently after other kinds of inpatient/residential treatment. Recovery housing is a great way to help people treatment go back to having an independent life while still having support with things like managing finances, finding employment, and locating support services.
Challenges Of Re-Entering Society
Habitual intake of drugs alters the normal functions of the brain, and various things can cause one to have a burning desire to take the drugs. It's basic for those in treatment, particularly those treated at an inpatient centre or jail, to figure out how to identify, ignore and adapt to triggers they are probably going to be presented to after treatment.