CBT is a method used to treat mental illnesses and addiction by addressing negative thoughts and feelings.
Dr. Aaron T. Beck in the 1960s founded the Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) as a means of treating mental illnesses.
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CBT helps people to fight addiction by helping them to deal with the negative thoughts and feelings behind the addiction.
Nowadays, CBT has become a common part of treating addictions. Patients undergoing CBT treatment are taught to recognize the triggers in their minds, emotions, and behaviour that lead to them taking the drugs. This makes it easy to work on recovery.
Other mental health problems that can be addressed using this method include:
State of panic
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder [OCD]
Various forms of eating disorders
PTSD or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
If you suffer from addiction or any of those issues listed, please look for a CBT treatment facility for help.
Many harmful actions and emotions which people indulge in do not fall in the rational or the logical category and these actions can be identified by cognitive-behavioural therapy. The nature of the place where a person is living and even their history may play a part in their behaviour.
Cognitive behavioural therapists work with patients to identify potentially thoughts that lead to self-destructive or unhealthy behaviours. Fear, self doubt and other internalized feelings together with misconceptions are what usually cause these automatic negative thoughts. People often drink or abuse drugs in an attempt to mitigate these afflictive thoughts and feelings.
A person can stop their over dependency on drugs if they identify the thoughts and emotions that lead them to abuse drugs or behaviour in a certain way.
Facing these sensitive areas often leads a patient to get over the acute pain they cause. The addiction can also be eliminated when these thoughts are substituted with new thought.
Treatment For Addiction And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Over Dependency on the drugs is also associated with behaviours such as feeling sad and nervous and this are caused by the bad thoughts.
What this says is dark thoughts have a higher possibility of making a person start abusing substances.
One of the main things that prevent people from staying clean are triggers and these are things, situations or people that bring about a strong urge to use. The National Institute On Drug Abuse has mentioned that help can be received by recovering addicts from cognitive-behavioural therapy to deal with the triggers which result in the cravings.
Drug Addiction And Alcoholism Can Be Overcome With The Help Of Cbt Because
The false beliefs and insecurity issues that causes substance abuse can be resolved using CBT.
Strengthen the patient with better ways of self-motivation.
Teaching the individual effective skills at communicating.
Keys For Controlling Triggers
Identify which factor provokes taking drugs or drinking alcohol.
Keep Away From Them (Avoid)
Try as much as possible to get away from these trigger situations.
The techniques of getting rid of these feeling you have learnt from CBT will come in handy in this place.
Patients can well practice CBT techniques even at the places other than the therapist's office. Engaging with others can help you practice some of the things that you learn at CBT.
To encourage people to stay sober, various support groups such as SMART (Self-Management and Recovery Training) program also make use of CBT when creating their self-help exercises.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Practices
Therapists that practice CBT use special exercises to facilitate addiction recovery.
CBT methods that are important in treating addiction include:
This involves dispelling automatic negative thoughts by finding proof that shows these thoughts to be false.
The patients make a list of advantages and disadvantages of keeping or discarding the thoughts.
The aim is to help people switch to more balanced and less rough thoughts by taking stock of what they are thinking.
Example: "My manager thinks I'm useless." I feel better when I drink, I'll take a drink right now " becomes " it is okay to make mistakes as now I know what not to do. My manager will appreciate that I am learning from my mistakes and heeding his or her advice. I do not need alcohol to get a better feeling of myself.
By evaluating these thoughts, one gets to understand the better behaviours to follow.
Some patients better respond to self-kindness; others - to self-criticism.
The whole point of behavioural experiments is in finding out what works best for the particular individual.
Example: "when I criticize myself after indulging in too much drink, I drink less" vs. "when I encourage myself that I am better off without so much drinking, I drink less."
Imagery Based Exposure
This involves bringing up memories that cause highly negative feelings.
They write down every experience at that moment including sight, sound, emotion, thought and the impulse of the moment.
Regularly re-enacting that moment in their minds, the patient can deal with the pain and nervousness brought about by the memory.
Example: Painful childhood memories haunt an individual who constantly focuses on them. He presently recalls every detail and emotion of the particular moment. The consistent exposure to his past begins to cause him less pain and reduces the requirement to self-medicate with the use of alcohol or drugs.
The Schedule of Pleasant Activities
Enjoyable activities which can help break up regular routines can be learned by people simply by making a list of the healthy activities because the technique requires them to do so.
These are activities that are designed to elicit positive feelings and are usually easy to do.
The need to use drugs or alcohol can be reduced with the help of these activities since they will help to curb the negative thoughts that tend to creep up automatically.
Example: An accountant who is feeling overworked could schedule a few minutes of relaxation everyday during his work hours instead of drinking while working. He or she can begin to use the extra time at their desk to enjoy some new music from a melodious artist.
How Cognitive-Behavioural Therapies Differ From Other Psychotherapies
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is more likeable than many other methods of therapy.
The addicts who are recovering can have an active session with their therapists who will be willing to listen not just passively. Instead of this, therapists and addicts carry out joint activities aimed at overcoming the addiction.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is based on actions and faster recovery. Most 60 to 90 day rehab programs incorporate CBT to give individuals instant ways of coping.
It may takes years to see tangible results with most psychotherapy methods. In most cases, 16 sessions of CBT will yield tangible results.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can easily be adapted, which makes it very idyllic in both outpatient and inpatient situations as well as group and private counselling atmospheres. There are many addiction treatment clinics and professionals who incorporate CBT in their treatment programs.