While the signs are noticed by the doctor and people around the addict, the symptoms are known to the addict alone. Example is the case of dilated pupils being a sign while constant sleepiness is a symptom.
Drug Addiction - an addicted person cannot resist or restrict himself to the intake of the substance be it drug, alcohol, cigarette. Even if the substance poses a danger, they will still take it whether or not they know the dangers.
Being dependant on a substance can lead to strong cravings. It will be extremely difficult for the addict to stop using the substance without external assistance, even when they want to.
The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.
The clues and indicators of addiction could be that:
The patient is unable to stop taking the said drug, for addiction to cigarettes, alcohol or a drug; they will have tried to stop on their own at some point and failed.
Withdrawal symptoms - mental and physical reactions happen when the levels of the substance in the body drop below a certain level. There are urges, spells of moodiness, fits of rage, poor concentration, a feeling of being sad and empty, anger, resentment and frustration.
There may be abruptly increased craving. Sleeplessness is a typical symptom of withdrawal. Some patients will have troubled bowel movements or running stomachs. Depending on the substance, withdrawal might also cause violence, tremors, seizures, hallucinations, and sweating.
Dependency persists in spite of health issues awareness - the person continues to use the substance often, in spite of the fact that they have developed diseases associated with it. An example is a smoker who doesn't stop smoking even after lung or heart problems begin.
Recreational and/or social sacrifices - certain activities are relinquished because of a dependency to some substance. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
Keeping a good reserve - addicts will at all times ensure that they have a good reserve of the substance, even when they do not have a lot of cash. They will cut on house spending to buy the drugs.
Taking risks (1) - now and again the dependent individual ensure he/she can get his/her substance, for example, taking or exchanging sex for cash/drugs.
Taking risks (2) - while affected by a few substances addict may take part in unsafe exercises, for example, fast driving.
Coping with problems - an addict often feels like they cannot deal with their problems unless they are using.
Obsession - a dependent individual may invest increasingly time and energy concentrating on methods for getting hold of their substance and sometimes how to utilise it.
Secrecy and solitude - the addict may resort to enjoying these substances in solitude in most cases.
Denial - majority of the present day addicts do not accept that they have a problem. They (are oblivious of or) ignore the fact that they are in danger.
Excess consumption - in addictions involving alcohol and some substance, the addict uses in excess. Some consequences to this are blacking out and not being able to remember periods of time and even physical symptoms, like the presence of a persistent cough or sore throat in a heavy smoker.
Giving up activities and pastimes - as the dependency advances, the person might no longer do things he/she really liked. This can even happen to smokers who discover that they can't physically do the sports or outdoor activities that the once enjoyed.
Having stashes - the dependent individual may have little supplies of their substance shrouded away in various parts of the house or auto; frequently in improbable spots.
Binging - Taking a lot of the substance at the beginning. An alcoholic might drink quickly to get drunk faster and feel good.
Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. It may be because the individual cannot judge right, thus do things they normally won't do, or deliberately do something unlawful to obtain the substance.
Money problems - if the drug is costly, the addicted person may neglect or cut down on other needs to afford it. In the case of cigarettes, it will cost a 40-a-day smoker up to '660 per month and about '8,000 per year in the UK and other parts of Europe and the UK where a packet of twenty sticks is sold at about '11.
Strained relationships - such are seen more in cases where drugs or alcohol are the substance in use.
Those who are addicted to alcohol and drugs on a technical manner may be exposed to the aforementioned dangers, but the severe urge to consume drugs and the withdrawal symptoms witnessed by an addict may not be present.